Skip to content. I know that people tend to talk about me behind my back. Once in a while I cannot control my urge to harm others. I tend to be on guard with people who are somewhat more friendly than I expected. I sometimes have bad thoughts which make me feel ashamed of myself.
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Reliability reporting across studies using the Buss Durkee Hostility Inventory. Empirical research on anger and hostility has pervaded the academic literature for more than 50 years. For consistent measurement, reliability estimates must be calculated with each administration, because changes in sample characteristics may alter the scale's ability to generate reliable scores.
Therefore, the present study was designed to address reliability reporting practices for a widely used anger assessment, the Buss Durkee Hostility Inventory BDHI.
Of the published articles reviewed, Mean alpha estimates of scores for BDHI subscales generally fell below acceptable standards. Additionally, no detectable pattern was found between reporting practices and publication year or journal prestige. Areas for future research are also discussed. Chronic alcohol abusers who had been violent while intoxicated and nonviolent alcohol abusers were administered the Buss-Durkee Inventory.
Violence was documented. Violent drinkers scored significantly higher than control subjects on the inventory total hostility score and on subscales measuring assault, irritability, verbal hostility , indirect…. Hostility and childhood sexual abuse as predictors of suicidal behaviour in Borderline Personality Disorder. Impulsivity is a multidimensional construct and has been previously associated with suicidal behaviour in borderline personality disorder BPD.
We found that hostility and childhood sexual abuse, but not impulsivity or other temperament traits, significantly predicted the presence, number and severity of previous suicide attempts. Hostility traits and childhood sexual abuse showed an impact on suicide attempts in BPD. Our results support previous findings indicating that high levels of hostility and having suffered sexual abuse during childhood lead to an increased risk for suicidal behaviour in BPD.
All rights reserved. Gender differences in the relationship between hostility and the type A behavior pattern. Women scored higher than men on Anger-Emotionality and the Guilt, Resentment, and Irritability subscales and lower than men on the Assaultiveness subscale.
Women showed higher correlations between Type A and the Guilt subscale, and men between Type A and the Suspiciousness subscale. We conclude that Type A is a multidimensional construct that manifests itself differently in men and women. The multidirectional association between depression, aggression and the s allele may be important, since all these phenomena are related to suicidal behavior. Association between dependent and independent variables in the model was tested by the likelihood ratio Chi-square statistic.
Interaction of the two main effects was also significant in case of several subscales. Post hoc analyses indicated a significant association between BDHI subscales and s allele only in the depressed group.
Only women were studied and since gender differences are present both in aggressive behavior and putatively in the behavioral effects of 5-HTTLPR genotype, our findings pertain only to females.
Relationship between identification with the role of sport fan and trait aggression. The current research was designed to test the hypothesis that there is no significant relationship between people's identification of themselves as sport fans and trait aggression. As expected, no significant relationship between fandom and aggression was found. Relationship between team identification and trait aggression: a replication. Research yielded no significant relationship between sport fandom and trait aggression.
The current study replicated previous efforts using the Buss-Perry Aggression Questionnaire, an updated version of the Buss-Durkee Hostility Inventory. In contrast to past work, the current study did yield a significant relationship between fandom and aggression for men. Expression of anger as a function of assertiveness and sex.
Examined differences between asserters and nonasserters and between the sexes on anger expression. As hypothesized, asserters and males expressed more anger and aggression, and nonasserters experienced more covert anger. A finding discrepant with previous research and the present researchers' expectations, that men scored higher than women on guilt and condemnation of anger, was thought to reflect this study's sample rather than an actual population difference. The first aim was to examine the association between the MAOA genotype and the alcoholic phenotype.
In the second part of the paper we have analysed the association of the MAOA genotype with impulsive and aggressive behaviour. Genotypes with 3 or 5-repeat alleles MAOA-L-genotype were reported to be associated with impulsive and aggressive traits.
The MAOA genotype was determined in male alcohol-dependent subjects and male controls all of German descent. No association could be detected between the MAOA genotype and the alcoholic phenotype. Taken together, these findings suggest that the MAOA-L genotype is to some extent associated with impulsive and antisocial personality traits in alcoholic men. Further studies on that question are needed. Spielberger's State-trait anger expression inventory ].
Moreover, the explained variance of Factors 2 and 3 was low. Velicer's MAP criteria and screen test established that one solution factor was more relevant.
Confirmatory factor analysis suggested that the three factor solution was acceptable, but the unifactorial solution adjusted better to the data. For the second part of the questionnaire TAS factor analysis was conducted following the same procedure, and two factors were extracted. The explained variance of Factor 2 was very low. Velicer's MAP criteria and screen test suggested that the solution factor was more relevant.
Moreover, the adjustment parameters of the original two-factor structure were not satisfactory. All items loaded higher than 0. The factor structure of the AX scale was fairly robust, both for males and females. Internal consistency and test-retest reliability of the subscales were acceptable except for the SAS. The correlations of the six subscales with four criterion variables Buss Durkee hostility inventory , Cook and Medley Ho scale, NEO PI-R Ho scale and Courtauld emotions control scale were in the expected direction, establishing their convergent validity.
The state anger dimension was also essentially confirmed, but no distinction was found between the three components: feeling angry, feeling like expressing anger verbally, and feeling like expressing anger physically.
Moreover, the distinction between angry temperament and angry. Toxic Familial Effects of Parental Hostility. In research efforts to account for the variance in parent-child interactions, two variables have been cited repeatedly for their explanatory cogency--nurturance and authority. This study evaluates diverse psychological variables in 35 third-year nursing students. Personality is studied according to Eysenck's theories, by means of the E. Likewise, due to the results obtained, the authors point out the necessity to work on the theme of assertiveness in nursing students.
The moderating effects of gender on the associations between multidimensional hostility and psychosomatic symptoms: a Chinese case. The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of gender on the relationship between multidimensional hostility and psychosomatic symptoms in Chinese culture. Four dimensions of multidimensional hostility-hostility cognition, hostility affect, expressive hostility behavior, and suppressive hostility behavior-were measured by the Chinese Hostility Inventory.
After controlling for the effects of depression and anxiety, the results of path analysis revealed that the multidimensional hostility predicted psychosomatic symptoms directly, and predicted psychosomatic symptoms indirectly through negative health behavior. Furthermore, gender moderated the relationships between multidimensional hostility and health outcomes. Expressive hostility exacerbated psychosomatic symptom in females but buffered it in males, while affective hostility exacerbated psychosomatic symptoms in males.
Additionally, suppressive hostility behavior was correlated to psychosomatic symptoms indirectly through negative health behavior in females.
Moreover, expressive hostility was correlated to psychosomatic symptoms indirectly through negative health behavior more in males than in females. Studies employing the Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory -based Cook and Medley Hostility Ho Scale have suggested that Hostility may be a robust psychological disposition with pervasive implications for interpersonal functioning. For example, when compared to individuals who scored low in Ho, high Ho individuals were more….
Anger, hostility , and hospitalizations in patients with heart failure. Heart failure patients have a high hospitalization rate, and anger and hostility are associated with coronary heart disease morbidity and mortality.
Using structural equation modeling, this prospective study assessed the predictive validity of anger and hostility traits for cardiovascular and all-cause rehospitalizations in patients with heart failure. Hospitalizations were recorded for up to 3 years following baseline. Causes of hospitalizations were categorized as heart failure, total cardiac, noncardiac, and all-cause sum of cardiac and noncardiac. Measurement models were separately fit for Anger and Hostility , followed by a Confirmatory Factor Analysis to estimate the relationship between the Anger and Hostility constructs.
The latent construct of Anger did not predict any of the hospitalization outcomes, but Hostility significantly predicted all-cause hospitalizations. Analyses of individual trait components of each of the 2 models indicated that Anger Expression Out predicted all-cause and noncardiac hospitalizations, and Trait Anger predicted noncardiac hospitalizations.
None of the individual components of Hostility were related to rehospitalizations or death. The construct of Hostility and several components of Anger are predictive of hospitalizations that were not specific to cardiac causes.
Mechanisms common to a variety of health problems, such as self-care and risky health behaviors, may be involved in these associations. Does personality predict mortality? Majority of studies on personality and physical health have focused on one or two isolated personality traits. We aim to test the independent association of 10 personality traits, from three major conceptual models, with all-cause and cause-specific mortality in the French GAZEL cohort. A total of 14, participants, aged in , completed the personality questionnaires composed of the Bortner Type-A scale, the Buss-Durkee Hostility Inventory for total, neurotic and reactive hostility and the Grossarth-Maticek-Eysenck Personality Stress Inventory that assesses six personality types [cancer-prone, coronary heart disease CHD -prone, ambivalent, healthy, rational, anti-social].
The association between personality traits and mortality, during a mean follow-up of In models adjusted for age, sex, marital status and education, all-cause and cause-specific mortality were predicted by 'total hostility ', its 'neurotic hostility ' component as well as by 'CHD-prone', 'ambivalent' 'antisocial', and 'healthy' personality types.
Adjustment for potential behavioural mediators had only a modest effect on these associations. Neurotic hostility , CHD-prone personality and anti-social personality were all predictive of mortality outcomes. Further research is required to determine the precise mechanisms that contribute to these associations. Personality traits predict treatment outcome with an antidepressant in patients with functional gastrointestinal disorder.
We investigated the relationship between personality traits and response to treatment with the tetracyclic antidepressant mianserin or placebo in patients with functional gastrointestinal disorder FGD without psychopathology. Treatment response to pain and target symptoms were recorded daily with the Visual Analogue Scale and Clinical Global Improvement Scale at every visit.
A low level of neuroticism and little concealed aggressiveness predicted treatment outcome with the antidepressant drug mianserin in non-psychiatric patients with FGD. Inversely, moderate to high neuroticism and marked concealed aggressiveness predicted poor response to treatment.
These findings were most prominent in women.
Buss-Durkee Hostility Inventory (BDHI)
Empirical research on anger and hostility has pervaded the academic literature for more than 50 years. For consistent measurement, reliability estimates must be calculated with each administration, because changes in sample characteristics may alter the scale's ability to generate reliable scores. Therefore, the present study was designed to address reliability reporting practices for a widely used anger assessment, the Buss Durkee Hostility Inventory BDHI. Of the published articles reviewed, Mean alpha estimates of scores for BDHI subscales generally fell below acceptable standards. Additionally, no detectable pattern was found between reporting practices and publication year or journal prestige. Areas for future research are also discussed.
Reliability Reporting Across Studies Using the Buss Durkee Hostility Inventory
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