Istoria literaturii romane contemporane, monumentala lucrare a istoricului si criticului literar Alex Stefanescu, bogat ilustrata, este de la bun inceput o intreprindere indrazneata. Autorul declara ca doreste sa continue, in spirit, lucrarea lui G. Calinescu si nu iti va lua mult sa recunosti ca, in cea mai mare parte a sa, intentia lui Alex Stefanescu s-a realizat cu succes. Rezultatul este o opera echilibrata, documentata, plina de originalitate, purtand amprenta stilistica inconfundabila a reputatului critic literar.
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Moving from a youthful affiliation to the fascist Iron Guard , which he later came to regret, the author became a disciple of modernist doyen Eugen Lovinescu , and, by , rallied the entire Sibiu Circle to the cause of anti-fascism. He was also one of the few openly homosexual intellectuals in Romania to have come out before the s—an experience which, like his political commitments, is recorded in his controversial autobiographical writings.
Marginalized and censored , he spent three years as a political prisoner. Ultimately reinstated during a late s episode of liberalization , he continued to speak out against political restrictions, and came to be closely monitored by the Securitate secret police.
He died in Munich. His diverse work, although scattered and largely incomplete, drew critical praise for its original takes on various subjects, and primarily for its views on the posthumously published writings of national poet Mihai Eminescu. Reputedly, Blaga saw his adolescent disciple as a genius  and encouraged him to seek a career in literature.
Reportedly, the paper was graded a ten out of ten, without further commentary from its recipient. As he himself later recalled, he contributed to the group's press and, wearing the green-colored paramilitary uniform of the Guardists, took part in National Legionary street parades.
On March 13, , at a time when Romania had rallied with Nazi Germany and the Axis Powers , he defied Antonescu's regime by affiliating the entire Circle with Lovinescu, himself marginalized for supporting liberal democracy and for rejecting the application of ideological censorship. Initially, he was employed as a librarian by the Romanian Academy 's Cluj section — Its summary version was first published in by Familia , and instantly made its author the center of attention from several milieus.
Having decided not to treat his subjects in the conventional Marxist-Leninist manner encouraged by the authorities, he stirred polemic passions on the literary scene and became a target for surveillance by the authorities. In one incident of , the entire circulation of Lampa lui Aladin was confiscated and destroyed by the regime's representatives.
A seminal event in the writer's life and career occurred in , when he openly rallied with dissident politics. Hospitalized for a long interval,  the Romanian writer died in Munich at age Literary historian Alex. Such distinctive traits were first discussed by Lovinescu in his article. And over all this appearance, a mask of reverie".
He would most often allow himself to be guided by the will to experience a moment of aesthetic beatitude. Whenever he lacked literary heroin , he would settle for a weak text [ He loved depths so much that he invented them.
Placing his references in German Romanticism and Johann Wolfgang von Goethe 's Faust , the critic found the tragic figure of Euphorion in Faust: Part Two as an ideal image of "all things new on a spiritual level". All contemporary Romantic decadence, the signs of crisis and disaster, such as Naturalism and Surrealism etc. We ought to propose the Goethian restoration. Seen by Alex. It discussed their somber sleep-related imagery, in particular the presence of androgynous angels, their recurring references to darkness, and their various allusions to the temptation of sin.
He sought justifications for delaying work [ Although incomplete, the book opened various new paths in critical commentary. Researcher Michaela Mudure argues that, by openly defining masculinity in non-heterosexual terms, the text is one of the "few and notable" exceptions within the " androcentric " literature of Eastern European cultures.
The only danger that stalks among the pages is that of time running out, and this provides [ The Sibiu Circle's advocacy of Lovinescu's program attested the rejection of far right ideals.
The red dies are cast. They were promised a weekly magazine, funds etc. Nego even hopes for a visa and a passport to France. Discussing the context for the incident, British historian and political analyst Tom Gallagher assessed: "Privileges and carefully modulated intimidation encouraged intellectuals to stay quiet and sometimes even police their professions on behalf of the regime.
His Straja dragonilor included reflected on the attraction exercised by the Iron Guard and Codreanu on educated young men of the period, despite the fact that Codreanu's own political manifestos were at an "embarrassing level".
During his exile years, he was especially vocal in condemning Constantin Noica's late essays, which communist authorities tolerated for their critique of the Western world. Where o where is European culture more degraded at this time than in the country where the very monuments of European significance and value are being more and more systematically torn down or mutilated in every way conceivable?
According to this claim, the country had been abandoned by Europe: "like Noica, whose writings have no echo in the Occident, [Romanians] feel that they are shouting in the desert and curse the desert which does not hear and does not answer them. What significance does the marginalization attempted immediately after with its affiliated insults [ We do not know who would still have, presently, the patience of picking up on the bitterness of such questions.
Moving from a youthful affiliation to the fascist Iron Guard , which he later came to regret, the author became a disciple of modernist doyen Eugen Lovinescu , and, by , rallied the entire Sibiu Circle to the cause of anti-fascism. He was also one of the few openly homosexual intellectuals in Romania to have come out before the s—an experience which, like his political commitments, is recorded in his controversial autobiographical writings. Marginalized and censored , he spent three years as a political prisoner. Ultimately reinstated during a late s episode of liberalization , he continued to speak out against political restrictions, and came to be closely monitored by the Securitate secret police. He died in Munich.
Istoria literaturii române contemporane 1941-2000
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Istoria literaturii romane contemporane 1941-2000