Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations for a world without hunger. Fisheries and Aquaculture Department. Print PDF. Search species.

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Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations for a world without hunger. Fisheries and Aquaculture Department. Print PDF. Search species. Biological characters and technique of oyster Anadara granosa culture at Tra Vinh coastal water. Broom, M. The biology and culture of marine bivalve molluscs of the genus Anadara. Chan, H. Human habitation and traditional uses of the mangrove ecosystem in peninsular Malaysia. In: Man in the mangroves: the socio-economic situation of human setlements in mangrove forest.

Kunstadter, E. Bird and S. The United Nations University. Kuang, S, J. Fang, H. Pathansali, D. Soong - Some aspects of cockle Andara granosa L. Proceedings of the IndoPacific Fisheries Council.

Poutiers, J. M - Bivalves Acephala, Lamellibranchia: Pellecypoda. Volume 1. Seaweeds, corals, bivalves and gastropods. Carpentier, K. Tookwinas, S. Commercial cockle farming in southern Thailand. Translated by E. Site map. Print PDF Search species. Species Fact Sheets. Anadara granosa Linnaeus, See tree map. Scientific Name with Original Description. Edition 10, Tomus 1, Holmiae. Shell equivalve, thick and solid, ovate, strongly inflated, slightly longer than high and feebly inequilateral Poutiers, Umbones strongly protruding, cardinal area rather large.

About 18 radial ribs 15 to 20 with wide interstices at each valve. Ribs stout and distinctly rugose, bearing regular,often rectangular nodules. Periostracum rather thin and smooth. Internal margins with strong crenulations corresponding with the external radial ribs.

No byssal gape. Outside of shell white under the yellowish brown periostracum. Inner side white, often tinged light yellow towards the umbonal cavity. North to Japan and south to northern and eastern Australia. Launch the Aquatic Species Distribution map viewer. Shallow Burrower. Filter Feeder. Their feeding habit is related to the bottom feed where they live.

One female can produce , - 2,, eggs. Gathering cockles A. The greatest development of this industry is in Perak, where about 1, ha of the foreshore are under cockle culture. Harvesting begins when the cockles have attained a marketable size of mm. The gear used is a long-handled close-set wire scoop , usually operated by one person, who stands in a boat, extends the scoop as far as his reach allows, and draws it through the mud with a gentle, rocking motion, trapping the cockles, which are then deposited in the boat.

FAO's Yearbook of Fishery Statistics reports a range of yearly aquaculture production from around mt in to mt in China, Korea Rep. Thailand, Malaysia. Cockles A. Cockles consumption exceeds the local production every year. In addition, Thailand has been imported from Malaysia some thousands of metric Tons of cockles of commercial size and seed.

Cockles are usually cultivated on mud in the intertidal zone with a water salinity of around ppt. Used as food. Bibliography


Anadara granosa (Linnaeus, 1758)

Tegillarca granosa also known as Anadara granosa [2] is a species of ark clam known as the blood cockle or blood clam due to the red haemoglobin liquid inside the soft tissues. It is found throughout the Indo-Pacific region from the eastern coast of South Africa northwards and eastwards to Southeast Asia , Australia , Polynesia , and up to northern Japan. It lives mainly in the intertidal zone at one to two metres water depth, burrowed down into sand or mud. It has a high economic value as food, and it is kept in aquaculture. Some sources of blood cockle may not undergo the depuration process. Therefore, certain styles of preparation, such as the poaching commonly carried out in Shanghai, can leave many pathogens present. Kkomak- muchim seasoned blood cockles.


Anadara granosa



Development and management of cockle Anadara granosa culture in Malaysia.


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