CTESIAS PERSICA PDF

Ctesias , born late 5th century bc , Cnidus , Caria [now in Turkey] , Greek physician and historian of Persia and India whose works were popular and influential in antiquity. He claimed to have treated Artaxerxes for wounds inflicted by his brother, Cyrus , at the Battle of Cunaxa in an episode related by Xenophon in Anabasis , Book I. Ctesias returned to Greece in and began writing his Persica , a history of Assyria-Babylonia in 23 books. Books I—VI included a history of Assyria and the Medes, and the last 10 books were a more detailed account from the death of Xerxes to The work no longer exists, except in an abstract compiled by the patriarch Photius of Constantinople flourished c. Ctesias also wrote a history of India Indica that was based on reports of Persian visitors and of Indian merchants and envoys to the Persian court.

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Ctesias was part of the entourage of King Artaxerxes at the Battle of Cunaxa BC against Cyrus the Younger and his Greek mercenaries called the Ten Thousand , and brought medical assistance to the king by treating his flesh wound. The first six books covered the history of Assyria and Babylon to the foundation of the Persian empire; the remaining 17 went down to BC.

Of the two histories, abridgments by Photius and fragments are preserved in Athenaeus , Plutarch , Nicolaus of Damascus , and especially Diodorus Siculus , whose second book is mainly from Ctesias. As to the worth of the Persica , much controversy occurred, both in ancient and modern times. Although many ancient authorities valued it highly, and used it to discredit Herodotus , a modern author writes, " Ctesias's unreliability makes Herodotus seem a model of accuracy.

Lucian wrote, "The people who suffered the greatest torment were those who had told lies when they were alive and written mendacious histories; among them were Ctesias of Cnidus, Herodotus, and many others. A record of the view that the Persians held of India, under the title Indica , it includes descriptions of god-like people, philosophers, artisans, and unquantifiable gold, among other riches and wonders. The book only remains in fragments and in reports made about the book by later authors.

In the twenty-fourth and last episode of the first season of Space: , "The Last War", the warship from the alien planet Betha is named Ctesias. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. For the beetle genus, see Ctesias beetle. Main article: Indica Ctesias. Wydawnictwo UJ. Persia and the Greeks. Encyclopedia Britannica. The Natural History of Unicorns.

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He wrote several books about Persia and India. They are now lost but were quoted by ancient authors; consequently, we are able to judge their value as history low and as works of art entertaining. The following text is the first part of an excerpt from the Persica by the Byzantine scholar Photius c. The translation was made by J.

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Photius' Excerpt of Ctesias' Persica

Ctesias was part of the entourage of King Artaxerxes at the Battle of Cunaxa BC against Cyrus the Younger and his Greek mercenaries called the Ten Thousand , and brought medical assistance to the king by treating his flesh wound. The first six books covered the history of Assyria and Babylon to the foundation of the Persian empire; the remaining 17 went down to BC. Of the two histories, abridgments by Photius and fragments are preserved in Athenaeus , Plutarch , Nicolaus of Damascus , and especially Diodorus Siculus , whose second book is mainly from Ctesias. As to the worth of the Persica , much controversy occurred, both in ancient and modern times. Although many ancient authorities valued it highly, and used it to discredit Herodotus , a modern author writes, " Ctesias's unreliability makes Herodotus seem a model of accuracy.

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CTESIAS’ PERSICA AND ITS NEAR EASTERN CONTEXT

A, ed. Lucianus, Verae Narrationes 1. Jacoby, Fragmente , p. According to Diodorus Siculus 2. Brown has attempted to demonstrate its validity. Diodorus also reported that he lived at court for seventeen years probably an exaggeration; cf. Jacoby, in Pauly-Wissowa, cols.

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To browse Academia. Skip to main content. By using our site, you agree to our collection of information through the use of cookies. To learn more, view our Privacy Policy. Log In Sign Up. Nakai and P. Carafa eds.

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