It discusses the path taken by psychiatry through diagnostic manuals up until now, with the Research Domain Criteria RDoC project, which seeks to achieve therapeutic excellence in psychiatry, by eliminating subjectivity. Four perspectives are presented to think about the diagnosis of psychiatric diseases: diseases that are described in the manuals of psychiatry and that have correspondence in patients in the clinical practice; disorders that are described in the manuals of psychiatry and that generated inaccurate diagnoses; the cultural syndromes and the psychic suffering that are structured subjectively and individually. It is concluded that a therapeutic approach should take into account the complex nature of psychic suffering, being more cautious and considering the individualization with respect to therapeutic approaches. Strauss et al.
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Psicopatologia descritiva: existe uma linguagem comum? Descriptive psychopathology: is there a common language? We elaborated a review of some of the main books of descriptive psychopathology, Brazilian and international ones, with the objective of examining if there is uniformity among the various authors about concepts and terminology. We observed that there is not truly a common language: some concepts are used by some authors but are ignored by others; a same term is utilized with different meanings; and a same concept is assigned by different terms.
Here some points of divergence among the various authors are presented and discussed. Keywords: Psychopathology; Symptoms, psychic; Terminology; Review [publication type]. Esses textos foram comparados entre si e mostraram-se predominantemente congruentes. Nesses casos, o objeto real passa para um segundo plano.
Por exemplo: "Quantos patas tem um cachorro? Exemplos disso foram: jargonofasia, esquizofasia, salada de palavras, etc. Faltam universalidade e uniformidade a alguns dos mais importantes conceitos e termos da psicopatologia descritiva. Berrios GE. Phenomenology and psychopathology: was there ever a relationship?
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Descriptive and developmental phenomena. Handbook of psychiatry. Cambrigde: Cambrigde University Press; Paris: Masson; Bastos CL. Rio de Janeiro: Revinter; Roxo H. Rio de Janeiro: Guanabara ; Alvim CF. Recognising psychiatric symptoms. Relevance to the diagnostic process. Br J Psychiatry. Research diagnostic criteria: rationale and reliability.
Arch Gen Psychiatry. American Psychiatric Association. Bastos O. O explicar, o compreender e o interpretar em psicopatologia e psiquiatria. Psicopatologias redivivas [editorial]. Andreasen NC. Understanding schizophrenia: a silent spring? Am J Psychiatry. Rev Bras Psiquiatr. The enigma of pseudohallucinations: current meanings and usage. Recebido: All the contents of this journal, except where otherwise noted, is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution License.
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Psicopatologia e Semiologia dos Transtornos Mentais
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Psicopatologia e semiologia dos transtornos mentais