The seven tales in Usurpers are unified by a common theme: all power exercised over others is a usurpation. Ayala's first collection after the Spanish Civil War never mentions the war in which his father and brother were executed by Fascists under Francisco Franco , but several tales treat prior civil conflicts in the peninsula. Context is crucial to interpreting Ayala, whose subtexts must be divined by analogy—here, that Franco and his regime are the latest in centuries of usurpers. With varying fidelity or fancy, the Usurpers stories present characters in Spanish history from the eleventh to the seventeenth centuries. All combine fictitious characters with historical ones, none better known to Spanish readers than the unfortunate King Carlos II , last of the Habsburg kings. The nickname "the Bewitched" originated when Carlos II became convinced he was possessed of the devil or bewitched and had himself exorcized—a shameful and degrading process.
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Access options available:. The aim of this article is to place Francisco Ayala's collection of short stories Los usurpadores in a context of interpretation that brings to light its juridico-political underpinning. This context is a sociological field of speculation where the critique of the baroque championed by Walter Benjamin, T.
Eliot, and Ayala unfolds under the auspices of the German jurist Carl Schmitt. This connection reveals both the rationalism and the sustained anti-essentialism that shape Ayala's literary and critical production. Project MUSE promotes the creation and dissemination of essential humanities and social science resources through collaboration with libraries, publishers, and scholars worldwide.
Without cookies your experience may not be seamless. Institutional Login. LOG IN. Abstract The aim of this article is to place Francisco Ayala's collection of short stories Los usurpadores in a context of interpretation that brings to light its juridico-political underpinning.
Additional Information. Project MUSE Mission Project MUSE promotes the creation and dissemination of essential humanities and social science resources through collaboration with libraries, publishers, and scholars worldwide. Eliot Prose. Contact Contact Us Help.
Francisco Ayala (novelist)
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El Hechizado - San Juan de Dios
He was born in Granada. At the age of 16 he went to Madrid, where he studied Law and Humanities. He got a Ph. A post-graduate grant allowed him to go to Berlin to study philosophy and sociology from to , during the advent of Nazism. There, he met the Chilean Etelvina Silva Vargas, whom he married in  and with whom he would later have a daughter, Nina. At the beginning of the Republic he became a lawyer for the Parliament.
The Bewitched (El Hechizado) by Francisco Ayala, 1944
Francisco Ayala, an eminent Spanish novelist whose work explored societies in which there is much despotism and little benevolence, died on Tuesday at his home in Madrid. He was Ayala was routinely mentioned as a contender for the Nobel Prize in Literature. Besides being a novelist, he was a poet, critic, essayist, lawyer and academic sociologist.
This great Spanish novelist, short story writer and essayist was truly a universal man. He considered himself European rather than Spanish right from the start of his career. Though he began his studies at the University of Madrid, he followed courses in Germany from to , and later made translations from Rilke and Thomas Mann. He became a jurist and a sociologist, and was professor of Sociology and Political Science at the University of Madrid between and , where he composed early sociological and literary-critical works as well as his first attempts at fiction. In he was forced into exile to escape Franco's regime, and taught at various South American and US universities, before returning to his homeland in There, he was awarded many literary honours, including the Cervantes Prize.