Embelia ribes is woody creeper shrub with brittle and flexible stem. It is medicinal plant also with terete branches also known as vai vidanga. Leaves are simple, alternate, ovate and sharp at both the ends. Length of leaves is 3 inch long and 1. Flowers are small, white in color and have small petioles 3 to 4 inch in length. Fruits are small just like black pepper, reddish brown to black in color.
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Register Login. Edit Page. The bark is studded with lenticels. Leaves are coriacous, 5X cm long, elliptic or ellipticlanceolate, shortly and obtusely acuminate, entire, glabrous on both sides, shining above, pales and somewhat silvery beneath, base rounded or acute and main nerves numerous. Petioles are more or less margined and glabrous. Floral Characteristics Flowers are small, greenish-yellow, numerous in lax panicled racemes.
Calyx is minute, sepals connate, broadly triangular, ovate and ciliate. Petals are 5 and free and stamens are 5, but shorter than the petals.
Flowering time is February. Fruits are 2. The colour of fruit is dull black and rarely dull red. Distribution The plant is found in moist and shady places upto an altitude of meter. Climate and Soil Tropical and subtropical climate is required for the cultivation of this crop. Medium black well drained soils are best suited for the crop. Propagation Material E. The field is well ploughed followed by harrowing to bring the soils to a fine tilth and free from weeds.
Transplanting and Optimum Spacing: Seeds are sown directly in the field at optimum spacing of 1. Inter cultural Operations: The inter culture operations like weeding, protective irrigation, support or staking are to be done periodically as and when required.
Disease and Pest Control: No major disease and pest is noted. However, in case of severe infestation bio-control measures are to be adopted. Harvest management Crop Maturity and Harvesting: The crop matures after months of its sowing and the fruiting starts in October-November, when these are plucked and stored after shade drying.
Chemical Constituents: Seeds of Embelia ribes contain embelin 2. Yield : The crop yield is kg seeds per hectare. Therapeutic Uses The fruits of Embelia ribes known in commerce as Baibidang are recommended for relieving headache, rhinitis, haemorrhage, epilepsy and insomnia.
The decoction of dried fruits is used for fever and for chest and skin disease. Paste is applied for skin infection. The drug also exhibits significant anti-fertility, antipyretic and antibacterial activity.
The fruit powder, when taken with milk, followed by a purgative has been one of the ancient remedies to get rid of tapeworms. An infusion of the roots is given in the treatment of cough and diarrhoea. Fruits show antibacterial activity against Staphylococcus aureus and Escherichia coli.
Embelin, which is one of the active principles of the drug, is reported to possess a property of colouring silk and woolen fabrics. Source: Agro-techniques of selected medicinal plants. All content appearing on the vikaspedia portal is through collaborative effort of vikaspedia and its partners. We encourage you to use and share the content in a respectful and fair manner. Please leave all source links intact and adhere to applicable copyright and intellectual property guidelines and laws.
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It is commonly known as false black pepper or Vidanga. Embelia ribes has been proven to have great pharmacological potential with a great utility and usage as folklore medicine. The root, berries and leaves of Embelia ribes is used in herbal formulas. It is also commonly known as false black pepper or vidanga. It is considered to be vulnerable due to excessive harvesting; because of it is used in about 75 Ayurvedic preparations.
Register Login. Edit Page. The bark is studded with lenticels. Leaves are coriacous, 5X cm long, elliptic or ellipticlanceolate, shortly and obtusely acuminate, entire, glabrous on both sides, shining above, pales and somewhat silvery beneath, base rounded or acute and main nerves numerous. Petioles are more or less margined and glabrous. Floral Characteristics Flowers are small, greenish-yellow, numerous in lax panicled racemes. Calyx is minute, sepals connate, broadly triangular, ovate and ciliate.
Vidanga (Embelia Ribes) - Properties, Benefits & Dosage
Embelia ribes , commonly known as false black pepper , white-flowered embelia , vidanga , vaividang , vai vidang , or vavding ,  is a species in the family Primulaceae. In Ayurveda and Siddha , it is considered widely beneficial in variety of diseases  In particular embelin isolated from dried berries of Embelia ribes has a wide spectrum of biological activities. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Multilingual Multiscript Plant Database. The University of Melbourne.
Embelia ribes Burm. If you have any useful information about this plant, please leave a comment. Comments have to be approved before they are shown here. If you would like to support this site, please consider Donating. Home Search Contact. Embelia garciniifolia Wall. Embelia glandulifera Wight.