To mark the th anniversary of the death of Miguel de Cervantes Saavedra, one of the most well-known Siglo de Oro writers, Eden Enterprises, in collaboration with Shakespeare-on-the-Rocks and Los Actores Bilingual Theater Company, is performing three entremeses written by Cervantes. An entremes is a short intermission piece that was meant to be performed between the acts of the main play. These works were usually written independently of the full-length play and were not meant to tie in with that story. El Juez de los Divorcios Four couples seek a divorce before the judge. Their complaints and the judge's reluctance to grant them what they seek provide a wealth of humor. This entremes is also being performed by Eden Enterprises to provide educational opportunities for local schools.
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Guanajuato is a small colonial-era city with a rich cultural history. In , the festival was expanded with federal support to include more events to add a more international flavor. Since then, FIC has grown to become the most important international artistic and cultural event in Mexico and Latin America , and one of four major events of its type in the world.
The city of Guanajuato, where the Festival takes place, has historically had a large cultural scene in relation to its size.
The richness of the mines in colonial times started a tradition of theaters and other cultural venues to satisfy the desires of the middle and upper classes. The city has a tradition of hosting musical, theatrical and dance events not only in its numerous theaters but also in its many small plazas with benches. In , Enrique Ruelas of the University of Guanajuato began to put on an annual event called the Entremeses de Miguel de Cervantes Saaevedra, short plays written by the author of Don Quixote.
These plays are still part of the annual Festival. In , he founded the Coloquio Cervantino from June to September to expand the annual Entremeses event.
While in the city of Guanajuato, she came across the Entremeses being performed at the Plaza San Roque and was fascinated. However, the tradition of the Entremeses was the main reason why Guanajuato was eventually chosen, meshing the two ideas to produce the modern event for the first time in with performances by artists from fourteen countries including Mexico.
For this reason, this year is considered the foundation of the event. The Festival in its current form was a governmental effort, with the edition attracting interest solely because of the influence of the politicians promoting it. Initially, the city of Guanajuato was only the host, with local artistic groups not participating in the event. However, efforts were soon made to lobby for their inclusion, especially by the Universidad de Guanajuato, and now artists from this university and other parts of the city and state regularly appear.
Since , the festival has diminished somewhat in size, mostly because of reduced funding. Another issue that arose was that the festival had become very popular with backpackers, who slept in the streets and caused problems for local residents. In , the city became a World Heritage Site which allowed most of the city's colonial and late 19th-century architecture, including its theatres, to be restored.
In , the invited region was Oceania along with Veracruz. The city was declared the Cervantino Capital of America in , which prompted the federal government to issue a commemorative silver coin. However, problems with the lack of funds and organizational issues brought the event to a crisis by There were structural and financial changes made during the rest of that decade, and by , the Festival was able to recuperate much of its former status, attracting major artists from around the world.
The 38th edition of the Festival in was dedicated to Mexico's Bicentennial of Independence and Centennial of the Revolution. The version brought together 2, artists from 29 countries, in genres such as classical and folk music to techno , open-air theatre, expositions, recent plays and other works from the 20th century by well-known writers.
The performance was opened by taiko drumming group Tokyo Dagekidan , a performance attended by Japan's Prince Fumihito Akishino and his wife Kiko.
The events happen in the forty nine theatres, plazas and other venues in the city, with satellite events in other plazas in the state and other cities in the country. In addition, seven museum spaces are used for exhibitions such as those of photography. The total number of visitors in is estimated at ,, with , tickets to events sold. In addition to the events in Guanajuato proper, there were another , attendees to related activities in 37 cities and seventeen states in Mexico.
The international aspect is to create a space for discovery and exchange. In , the Presea FIC was instituted to recognize the work of Mexican and foreign artists for their contributions to culture. The prize is symbolized by a statue designed by Vicente Rojo, which is awarded during the opening ceremonies. The first was awarded to Luis Herrera de la Fuente.
Much of the festival is set up to attract young people from children to university age. The Cervantino Program for Youth sponsors programs for this age group as well as other activities. Winners received trips to the Edinburgh International Festival , the first and largest international cultural event of its type in the world. These include rock and electronic music concerts with dance and theater events. In , the Festival scheduled its first Art Book Fair, focusing on books about the visual and theatrical arts.
Based on the program sponsored by the Lucerne Festival , the Cervantino Academy's purpose is to train professional level instrumentalists in classical and contemporary music. Participants are under thirty and are selected by audition. Prior Festival events and shows related to artists scheduled to perform in upcoming festivals are shown through the Festival's television, radio and website.
A channel called TV FIC or Canal Cervantino was created on channel of Cablevision to broadcast archived footage of past festivals and performances by those scheduled to perform the upcoming year. Most of the events related to the Festival occur in Guanajuato, but some events such as dance, plays and concerts are presented live or are transmitted to other areas of the country.
These include national and international acts. As of , the program has sponsored events in over venues in 26 states and the Federal District. These include schools, cultural center, libraries and correctional institutions. The Ruelos Project, named after the founder of the Entremeses Cervantinos, was created in to pair artists with disadvantaged communities. The Festival provides logistical support but the actors and support staff are locals with that thirty participants in each event.
The performances are planned and executed with communities where there are high levels of crime and family instability and violence, mostly in the state of Guanajuato. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Retrieved September 10, Archived from the original on July 2, Mexico: Festival Internacional Cervantino.
Archived from the original on September 26, Mexconnect newsletter. Mexico City: Fahrenheit Magazine. June 22, El Informador in Spanish. Guadalajara, Mexico. El Universal in Spanish. Mexico City. September 6, El Economista in Spanish. September 7, Azteca Noticias in Spanish. La Jornada. August 19, Archived from the original on October 5, Retrieved April 16, EFE News Service.
October 9, El Porvenir in Spanish. November 8, Archived from the original on April 6, October 17, August 3, La Jornada in Spanish. August 4, Retrieved March 15, El Informador. October 11, Terra Noticias. Archived from the original on April 2, Mi Morelia.
Three Entremeses Cervantinos