In he volunteered for the German Army at the outbreak of World War I and served as an officer on the Western Front throughout the conflict. After the war he published In Stahlgewittern ; The Storm of Steel , a novel in the form of a diary; it contains vivid recollections of his life in the trenches and his experiences in combat as a company commander. The Storm of Steel was a success with critics and public alike in Germany and other countries. A few months later, his son died in combat in Italy after having been sentenced to a penal battalion for political reasons.
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By the latter stages of the Cold War, his unorthodox writings about the impact of materialism in modern society were widely seen as conservative rather than radical nationalist, and his philosophical works came to be highly regarded in mainstream German circles. Two of his siblings died as infants. His father acquired some wealth in potash mining. He went to school in Hannover from to , and during to to boarding schools in Hanover and Brunswick.
He rejoined his family in , in Rehburg , and went to school in Wunstorf with his siblings from to During this time, he developed his passion for adventure novels and for entomology. He spent some time as an exchange student in Buironfosse , Saint-Quentin , France, in September Six weeks later, he was dismissed from the Legion due to the intervention of the German Foreign Office , at the request of his father, on the grounds of being a minor.
He was wounded for the first time in April During convalescence, he decided to enlist as an officer aspirant Fahnenjunker , and he was promoted to Lieutenant on 27 November As platoon leader, he gained a reputation for his combat exploits and initiative in offensive patrolling and reconnaissance.
During the Battle of the Somme near the obliterated remains of the village of Guillemont his platoon took up a front line position in a defile that had been shelled until it consisted of little more than a dip strewn with the rotting corpses of predecessors. He wrote:. As the storm raged around us, I walked up and down my sector. The men had fixed bayonets. They stood stony and motionless, rifle in hand, on the front edge of the dip, gazing into the field. Now and then, by the light of a flare, I saw steel helmet by steel helmet, blade by glinting blade, and I was overcome by a feeling of invulnerability.
We might be crushed, but surely we could not be conquered. In the spring of , he was promoted to command of 7th company and stationed at Cambrai. He arranged the evacuation of his brother Friedrich Georg , who had been wounded. He was awarded the House Order of Hohenzollern. After convalescing, he returned to his regiment in June, sharing a widespread feeling that the tide had now turned against Germany and victory was impossible. On 25 August, he was wounded for the seventh and final time near Favreuil , being shot through the chest while leading his company in an advance that was quickly overwhelmed by a British counter-attack.
He made his way to a machine-gun post that was holding out, where a doctor told him to lie down immediately. Carried to the rear in a tarpaulin, he and the bearers came under fire, and the doctor was killed. He spent his free time reading the works of Nietzsche , Schopenhauer , Ariosto and Kubin , besides entomological journals he was sent from home.
During , he was collecting beetles in the trenches and while on patrol, specimens between 2 January and 27 July, which he listed under the title of Fauna coleopterologica douchyensis " Coleopterological fauna of the Douchy region". He studied marine biology , zoology , botany , and philosophy, and became a well-known entomologist. He married Gretha von Jeinsen —60 in They had two children, Ernst Jr. He criticized the fragile and unstable democracy of the Weimar Republic , stating that he "hated democracy like the plague.
Around this time his writing included the aphorism "What doesn't kill me makes me stronger; and what kills me makes me incredibly strong. In , he openly denounced Hitler's suppression of the Rural People's Movement. He was one of the few "nationalist" authors whose names were never found on the frequent declarations of loyalty to Hitler.
He and his brother Friedrich Georg quit the " Traditionsverein der 73er " veteran's organization of the Hanoverian regiment they had served during World War I when its Jewish members were expelled. He served in World War II as an army captain. Assigned to an administrative position as intellegence officer and mail censor in Paris, he socialized often at the Georges V hotel or at Maxim's with prominent artists of the day such as Picasso and Jean Cocteau.
He passed on information e. His office was in the Hotel Majestic and he was billeted at the Hotel Raphael. He was also given the task of executing a German deserter who had beaten the women sheltering him and been turned in.
He was clearly an inspiration to anti-Nazi conservatives in the German Army,  and while in Paris he was close to the old, mostly Prussian , officers who carried out the assassination attempt against Hitler. He returned about midnight. Junger was only peripherally involved in the events however, and in the aftermath suffered only dismissal from the army in August rather than execution. He was saved by the chaos of the last months of the war, and by always being "inordinately careful" , burning writing on sensitive matters from His elder son Ernst Jr.
Transferred to Penal Unit as Frontbewahrung after his parents had spoken to the presiding judge Admiral Scheurlen though Junger was never sure whether he had been shot by the enemy or by the SS , he was killed near Carrara in occupied Italy on 29 November West German publisher Klett put out a ten-volume collected works Werke in , extended to 18 volumes — His diaries from to were published under the title Strahlungen , Reflections.
His first wife, Gretha, died in , and in he married Liselotte Lohrer. He continued writing prodigiously for his entire life, publishing more than 50 books. A sensitive poet with training in botany and zoology, as well as a soldier, his works in general are infused with tremendous details of the natural world. Throughout his life he had experimented with drugs such as ether , cocaine , and hashish ; and later in life he used mescaline and LSD.
His younger son Alexander, a physician, committed suicide in He died on 17 February in Riedlingen , Upper Swabia in his rd year. He also contributed six essays on the relationship between war and photography in a photobook of war images called Das Antlitz des Weltkrieges: Fronterlebnisse deutscher Soldaten The Face of the World War: Front Experiences of German Soldiers, and edited a volume of photographs dealing with the first world war, Hier spricht der Feind: Kriegserlebnisse unserer Gegner The Voice of the Enemy: War Experiences of our Adversaries, Flying is imperative!
It is given every three years for outstanding work in the field of entomology. A selection from the full collected works in five volumes was published in 4th ed. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. German soldier and author.
Gretha von Jeinsen m. Liselotte Lohrer m. Aufzeichnungen bei Tag und Nacht , Der Arbeiter. Briefe aus Norwegen , Der Friede. Philemon und Baucis. Heimo Schwilk ed. New York Review of Books. Retrieved 8 July Retrieved 23 July In Hitler's Germany. Countdown to D-Day: The German perspective. Stuttgart: Verlag J. Retrieved 8 May September Patterns of Prejudice. Retrieved 30 March English translation: Benjamin, Walter Translated by Jerolf Wikoff.
New German Critique 17 : — Duke University Press. February 16, Accessed December 20, Roberts, eds. A German Officer in Occupied Paris. New York: Columbia University Press. Swedish Film Database. Swedish Film Institute. Archived from the original on 13 April Retrieved 28 June Biro, Matthew , "The new man as cyborg: Figures of technology in Weimar visual culture", New German Critique , 62 62 : 71—, doi : Bullock, Marcus. Matthias Konzett , Chicago: Fitzroy Dearborn.
Hoffmann, Michael , Introduction , London: Penguin. German-language literature. Austrian writers German writers Liechtenstein writers Swiss writers in German Reformation era literature. List of Schiller Memorial Prize winners. Namespaces Article Talk. Views Read Edit View history. Contribute Help Community portal Recent changes Upload file.
ISBN 13: 9788682333036
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