Plant Tissue Culture pp Cite as. The aseptic culture of plant cells and tissues as technique is now well established. Successful development of tissue culture was necessitated by a physiological problem which clearly demanded for its solution some extreme form of isolation of the tissues being studied. Although real success first came with animal tissues, the botanist Gottlieb Haberlandt Fig.
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Plant Cell and Tissue Cultures: The Role of Haberlandt
Gottlieb Haberlandt , born Nov. He returned to Austria in to teach botany at the Technical Academy in Graz. In Haberlandt succeeded Schwendener in the chair of plant physiology at the University of Berlin , where he established the Institute for Plant Study. Haberlandt decided that his students would profit from a system of classifying plants based on function.
One of the stellar achievements of twentieth century plant biology was the genetic transformation of somatic cells enabling the regeneration of whole plants that were stably transformed and capable of transmitting the inserted genetic material to subsequent generations. This achievement grew out of three independent lines of research initiated early in the twentieth century: plant tissue culture, regeneration of plants from single somatic cells, and the study of crown gall disease. The early discoveries made in these areas represent a combination of basic scientific research and technological innovations and led to the development of genetically transformed crop species expressing traits unobtainable by conventional breeding. Each of these fields can be traced back to a single research publication Haberlandt, ; Smith and Townsend, ; White, a that later came to be considered as the foundation of the field.