Download this as PDF. The Governors-General were originally the head of the British administration in India during Colonial rule. The Regulating Act, however, granted them additional powers relating to foreign affairs and defence. While the Governor-General thus became the controller of foreign policy in India, he was not the explicit head of British India.
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Daily Practice Quizzes, Attempt Here. Governor-General and Viceroy of India. He was called back to India in to ensure British supremacy in the subcontinent against the French. In the Battle of Plassey, the Nawab was defeated by the British despite having a larger force. Clive was also able to capture some French forts in Bengal. As a result of this battle, the British became the paramount power in the Indian subcontinent. Bengal was richer than Britain at that time. This also opened up other parts of India to the British and finally led to the rise of the British Raj in India.
Vansittart —65 : The Battle of Buxar Cartier —72 : Bengal Famine Auctioned the right to collect land revenue to the highest bidder; Divided Bengal into districts and appointed collectors and other revenue officials. Lord Wellesley — He adopted the policy of Subsidiary Alliance- a system to keep the Indian rulers under control and to make British the supreme power. Fort William College at Calcutta. Formation of Madras Presidency in There were four stages in it:- In the first stage, the Company undertook to lend its troops to the friendly Indian prince to assist him in his wars.
The next stage was reached when the Indian ally was not to supply men but money. The company undertook to raise, train and equip an army under English officers and render to the ally a fixed number of troops on receiving a sum of money towards the cost of these troops. The final stage was the next logical step. The Company undertook to defend the territories of an Indian ally and for that purpose stationed a subsidiary force in the territory of the state. The Indian ally was asked not to pay money but surrender territory from the revenue of which the expenses of the subsidiary force were to be met.
The Indian states were to conduct negotiations with other states through the Company. The state had to accept a British Resident at its headquarters. The Alliance enabled the Company to maintain a large standing army at the expense of Indian princes. It disarmed the Indian states and threw British protectorate over them. Charter Act of was passed. Lord Hastings — Ended the policy of Non-intervention and adopted the policy of intervention and war.
Creation of Bombay Presidency in Establishment of Ryotwari System in Madras. Annexation of Mysore Passed the Charter Act of , which provided that no Indian subject of Company was to be debarred from holding an office on account of his religion, place of birth, descent and colour. On the recommendation of Macaulay Committee made English the medium of higher education in India. Established first Medical College in Calcutta.
Governors-General of India —58 Lord William Bentick —35 First Governor-General of India Abolished provincial courts of appeal and circuit set up by Cornwallis, the appointment of Commissioners of revenue and circuit.
Annexed Coorg , Central Cachar on the plea of misgovernment. Lord Ellenborough —44 Brought an end to the Afghan War. Annexation of Sindh War with Gwalior Gave preference to English education in employment. Formation of Gurkha regiments took place in his reign. Started the first railway line in connecting Bombay with Thana Started an electric telegraph service.
Laid the basis of the modern postal system A separate public works department was set up for the first time. Withdrew Doctrine of Lapse. He introduced various reforms and became the member of Punjab Board of Administration after the second Sikh war. He was known as the Saviour of Punjab. He was the only Viceroy to be murdered in office by a Pathan convict in Andamans in For the first time in Indian history, a census was held in Lord Northbrook —76 Kuka Movement of Punjab took a rebellious turn during his period.
Lord Lytton —80 Most infamous Governor-General pursued free trade and abolished duties on 29 British manufactured goods which accelerated drain of the wealth of India Arranged the Grand Darbar in Delhi in when the country was suffering from a severe famine Passed the Royal Title Act and Queen Victoria was declared as the Kaiser-i-Hind Arms Act made mandatory for Indians to acquire a license for arms Passed the infamous Vernacular Press Act Proposed the plan of Statutory Civil Service in and lowered the maximum age limit from 21 to 19 years Lord Ripon —84 Repeal of the Vernacular Press Act, The First Factory Act, to improve labour condition Resolution of Local Self Government in Resolution on Land Revenue Policy Appointed Hunter Commission for education reforms in The Ilbert Bill controversy erupted during his time which enabled Indian district magistrates to try European criminals.
But this was withdrawn later. Establishment of Indian National Congress in Indian Council Act of introduced elections which were indirect. Convention delimiting the frontier between China and India was ratified. The great famine of — Lyall Commission appointed after famine Set up the Department of Commerce and Industry. Calcutta Corporation Act Partition of Bengal took place in Foundation of the Muslim League, Surat session and split in the Congress Newspapers Act, Morley-Minto Reforms, Transfer of Capital from Calcutta to Delhi Lucknow Pact between Congress and Muslim League The arrival of Gandhi in India Champaran Satyagraha Kheda Satyagraha and Satyagraha at Ahmedabad Government of India Act Repressive Rowlatt Act Jalianwala Bagh Massacre Khilafat Movement — Non-cooperation Movement — Saddler Commission and an Indian Sir S.
Sinha was appointed Governor of Bengal. Suppressed non-cooperation movement. Lord Irwin —31 Simon Commission announced in Butler Commission ; Nehru Report Civil Disobedience Movement Dandi march Gandhi-Irwin Pact Martyrdom of Jatin Das hunger strike. Lord Willingdon —36 2nd Round Table Conference Burma separated from India All India Kisan Sabha Poona Pact was signed between Ambedkar and Gandhi.
Lord Linlithgow —43 First General Election — Congress ministries in and Resignation of Congress ministries in Foundation of Forward Block by S. Bose Lord Wavell — R. Formula ; Wavell Plan and Shimla Conference in End of 2nd World War in INA Trials in ; Naval mutiny in Cabinet Mission, and acceptance of its proposals by Congress.
Direct Action Day by the Muslim League on 16th August and the first meeting of the constituent assembly was held on Dec. Appointment of 2 boundary commissions under Sir Cyril Radcliffe. Score Better. Go Gradeup. Member since Jun Related Posts. GradeStack Learning Pvt.
List of Governors-General Of India, First Governor-General Of Bengal & Viceroy
Daily Practice Quizzes, Attempt Here. Governor-General and Viceroy of India. He was called back to India in to ensure British supremacy in the subcontinent against the French. In the Battle of Plassey, the Nawab was defeated by the British despite having a larger force. Clive was also able to capture some French forts in Bengal. As a result of this battle, the British became the paramount power in the Indian subcontinent. Bengal was richer than Britain at that time.
List of Governors Generals & Viceroys of India for Banking & SSC Exams – GK Notes in PDF!
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Viceroys of India
The Governor-General of India from to the Viceroy and Governor-General of India , commonly shortened to Viceroy of India was the representative of the monarch of the United Kingdom and after Indian independence in , the representative of the Indian head of state. Complete authority over all of British India was granted in , and the official came to be known as the "governor-general of India". In , as a consequence of the Indian Rebellion the previous year, the territories and assets of the East India Company came under the direct control of the British Crown ; as a consequence the Company Raj was succeeded by the British Raj. The Governor-General now also the Viceroy headed the central government of India, which administered the provinces of British India , including the Punjab , Bengal , Bombay , Madras , the United Provinces , and others. From , to reflect the Governor-General's new additional role as the Monarch's representative in re the fealty relationships vis the princely states, the additional title of Viceroy was granted, such that the new office was entitled " viceroy and governor-general of India". This was usually shortened to "viceroy of India".
Governor-General of India
Toggle navigation. Lord Cornwallis - Permanent Settlement, an agreement between the East India Company and Bengali landlords to fix revenues to be raised from land was introduced during his period. Lord Wellesley - He introduced the Subsidiary Alliance, under which the Indian ruler agreed to keep British forces in his territory. The first state to accept the Subsidiary Alliance was the State of Hyderabad.