Campeche is a fast growing ornamental tree that can reach up to 50 feet in height. It produces numerous delicate round leaflets and extremely fragrant yellow flowers. The tree trunk and branches are thorned and become more gnarled with age, lending to it's attractive appearance. The wood of the tree is heavy and extremely hard.
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Logwood , Haematoxylum campechianum , also called bloodwood tree , tree of the pea family Fabaceae , native to Central America and the West Indies. The wood is heavy and extremely hard. Logwood was once an important source of black dye , which is obtained from the red heartwood and is still used as a source of the histological stain hematoxylin. The plant is also used in certain traditional systems of medicine.
Logwood grows 9—15 metres 30—50 feet tall and has a short, crooked trunk. The leaves are pinnately compound feather-formed with oval or heart-shaped leaflets. The small yellow flowers grow in a cluster from the leaf axil upper angle between branch and leaf stem and produce long flattened pods that are pointed at both ends. The name logwood is sometimes applied to bluewood Condalia hookeri , a tree of the buckthorn family Rhamnaceae native to southwestern North America.
Article Media. Info Print Cite. Submit Feedback. Thank you for your feedback. Home Science Plants Flowering Plants. See Article History. Alternative Titles: Haematoxylon campechianum, Haematoxylum campechianum. Learn More in these related Britannica articles:. Fabaceae , pea family of flowering plants angiosperms , within the order Fabales.
Fabaceae, which is the third largest family among the angiosperms after Orchidaceae orchid family and Asteraceae aster family , consists of more than genera and about 20, species of trees, shrubs, vines, and herbs and is…. Dye , substance used to impart colour to textiles, paper, leather, and other materials such that the colouring is not readily altered by washing, heat, light, or other factors to which the material is likely to be exposed.
Dyes differ from pigments, which are finely ground solids dispersed in a liquid,…. History at your fingertips. Sign up here to see what happened On This Day , every day in your inbox!
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Logwood is the coloured heartwood of Haematoxylon campechianum; red sandalwood of Pterocarpus santalinus. Logwood Haematoxylon campechianum is closely connected with the story of adventure and colonisation in the West Indies. Ubar is a red-wood resembling the logwood haematoxylon of Honduras, and might probably be employed for the same purpose. Logwood is the heart-wood of Haematoxylon campechianum, a tree growing in Central America. The heartwood yields the dye haematoxylin. Here is our second set of teacher-selected PSAT vocabulary words.
Haematoxylum campechianum L. Gives lots of plant uses as well as information on plant habit and habitat. If you have any useful information about this plant, please leave a comment. Comments have to be approved before they are shown here. If you would like to support this site, please consider Donating. Home Search Contact. Cymbosepalum baronii Baker.
Haematoxylum campechianum blackwood , bloodwood tree , bluewood , campeachy tree , campeachy wood , campeche logwood , campeche wood , Jamaica wood , logwood or logwood tree  is a species of flowering tree in the legume family, Fabaceae , that is native to southern Mexico and northern Central America. The tree's scientific name means "bloodwood" haima being Greek for blood and xylon for wood. Logwood was used for a long time as a natural source of dye. The bark and leaves are also used in various medical applications. In its time, logwood was considered a versatile dye, and was widely used on textiles and also for paper. The extract was once used as a pH indicator.
Logwood , Haematoxylum campechianum , also called bloodwood tree , tree of the pea family Fabaceae , native to Central America and the West Indies. The wood is heavy and extremely hard. Logwood was once an important source of black dye , which is obtained from the red heartwood and is still used as a source of the histological stain hematoxylin. The plant is also used in certain traditional systems of medicine. Logwood grows 9—15 metres 30—50 feet tall and has a short, crooked trunk.