The anonymous Itinerarium Burdigalense , the Bordeaux itinerary, 2 dated of the common era, is the earliest surviving Christian account of travel to what came to be known as the Holy Land. The itinerary includes no details that suggest that this trip was extraordinary, or even dangerous. Yet because the itinerary depends in part upon the use of measurable source material—in this case, Holy Scripture and the lands traversed between western France and the eastern shores of the Mediterranean—it says quite a bit to readers who gauge what has been mentioned in this document against what could have been mentioned, but was not. As the earliest extant account of European Christian pilgrimage in Palestine, this document has generally been studied either as a sort of ground zero for analysis of the development of Christian pilgrimage to places mentioned in the Bible, 7 or as a source for data about overland [End Page ] travel in the Mediterranean world in late antiquity. Was there nothing to see in Milan, in Constantinople, in Antioch, in Rome, or in the other cities through which the pilgrim passed?

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The earliest Christian description of the Holy Places. This itinerary also known as Itinerarium Burdigalense is the earliest description left by a Christian traveler in the Holy Land. The journey was made in A. The name of the author is not known to us, but it is generally assumed that the author was a native of Bordeaux France , because the itinerary starts from there.

The Latin original text is written in the simple and lean form which is typical of the Roman Itineraria. It consists mostly of a list of localities and their distances. Localities are subdivided into cities, halts and changes; in these places the traveler could remain for a while, rest, have dinner, or just change the mount and keep going on. Having passed through Milan and Sirmium, the traveller arrives in Constantinople; from there, he crosses to Asia reaching for Palaestina and in particular Jerusalem.

The last part of the itinerary starts from Heraclea, in Hellespontus, and arrives again in Milan passing through the city of Rome. Some historical and philosophical interests is shown by the author in comments and additions seldom made to the itinerary, but a greater concern in Jewish and Christian memories is apparent when the pilgrim enters the Holy Land.

Because the anonymous pilgrim travels in Constantinian times, he witnesses the establishment of the first imperial basilicas in Palestine: namely in Jerusalem near the Holy Sepulcher and on the summit of the Mount of Olives , in Bethlehem, and at Mamre Terebintus. Many Christian traditions about the Holy Places are here referred to for the first time ever; some of them are still kept in our days.

You are invited to discover them by yourself, going down very attentively into the text presented hereafter. Numbers in brackets from [] to [] correspond to the commonly adopted subdivisions of the text.

The Text: 1. From Bordeaux to Milan. As follows:. Garonne [pct. The city of Bordigala Bordeaux ,. Change at Senone Sirio, Pont de Ciron - leagues ix. City of Vasates Cossio, Bazas - leagues viii. Change at Three Trees - leagues v. Change at Oscineium Houeilles? Change at Scotium Sotium, Sos - leagues viii.

Town of Elusa Eauze - leagues viii. Change at Vanesia - leagues xii. Change at the sixth league - leagues vi. Change at Hungunverrum - leagues vii. Change at Buccones L'Isle en Jourdain? City of Tolosa Toulouse - leagues vii. Change at the ninth milestone - miles [ftn. Change at the twentieth milestone - miles xi. Halt at Elusio - miles ix. Change at Sostomagus Castelnaudary? Town of Hebromagus Bram - miles x.

Change at Caedri - miles vi. Fortress of Carcasso Carcassonne - miles viii. Change at the three-hundredth milestone - miles viii. City of Narbo Narbonne - miles xv. Halt at Cessaro Cessero, Araura, St. Change at Forum Domiti - miles xviii. Change at Sustantio Sextantio, Soustantion - miles xv. Change at Ambrosius Ambrussum - miles xv. City of Nemausus Nimes - miles xv.

Change at Pons Herarus Aerarius, Bellegarde - miles xvi. City of Arelate Arles - miles viii. Change at Arnago Ernaginum, St. Gabriel - miles viii.

Change at Bellintum - miles x. City of Avinio Avenio, Avignon - miles v. Change at Cepressata - miles v. City of Arausio Orange - miles xv. Change at Letoce - miles xiii. Change at Novem Craris - miles x. Halt at Acunum Anconne - miles xv. Change at Vancianis Bancs - miles xii. City of Valentia Valence - miles ix. Change at Cerebelliaca - miles xii. Halt at Augusta Aoust - miles x Change at Darentiaca - miles xii. City of Dea Vocontiorum Die - miles xvi.

Halt at Lucus Luc - miles xii. Change at Vologatis Vaugielas? Change at Cambonum La Combe? Change at Davianum Veynes - miles viii. Change at the frontier - miles xii. Halt at Vapincum Gap - miles xi. Halt at Ebrodunum Embrun - miles xvi. Here begin the Cottian Alps. Change at Rame Rame - miles xvii. Change at Gesdaona Gesdao, Sesanne - miles x.

Halt at Temple of Mars - miles ix. City of Segussio Segusio, Susa - miles xvi. Here begins Italy. Change at the twelfth milestone - miles xii. Halt at the frontier - miles xii.

Change at the eighth milestone - miles viii. City of Taurini Turin - miles viii. Change at the tenth milestone - miles x. Change at Ceste - miles xi. Halt at Regomagus Rigomagus, Rinco - miles viii. Change at Mediae - miles x.

Change at Cottiae Cozzo - miles xiii. Halt at Laumellum Lomello - miles xii. Change at Duni Duriae, Dorno - miles ix.

City of Ticinum Pavia - miles xii. City of Mediolanum Milan - miles x. Halt at Cold Rivers - miles xii. The writer is referring here to the estuary of the river. Garonne, which is in reality 50 miles long. The Roman Mile meaning "one thousands steps - milia. The Text: 2. From Milan to Sirmium. City of Mediolanum Milan [pct. Change at Argentia Gorgonzola - miles x. Change at Pons Aureolus Pontirolo - miles x. City of Bergamum Bergomum, Bergamo - miles xii.

Change at Tellegate Telgate - miles xii. Change at Tetellus - miles x. City of Brixa Brixia, Brescia - miles x.


There but Not There

The earliest Christian description of the Holy Places. This itinerary also known as Itinerarium Burdigalense is the earliest description left by a Christian traveler in the Holy Land. The journey was made in A. The name of the author is not known to us, but it is generally assumed that the author was a native of Bordeaux France , because the itinerary starts from there.


What is This Document?

Don't have an account? The Bordeaux Itinerary comprises two parts of markedly different character: a list of changes mutationes and stopovers mansiones covering the journey to Jerusalem and back again, and a more discursive section describing sites of Old and New Testament relevance in the Holy Land section. Based on a close attention to the structure of the text itself, this chapter argues that, rather than Jerusalem, Constantinople, the new seat of the imperial court, was the primary destination of the anonymous traveler; it puts this suggestion in the context of other contemporary travelers and petitioners. This observation suggests that more prosaic motives than Christian piety were the stimulus for the initial trip from Bordeaux and that the anonymous traveler was in fact an opportunistic pilgrim. Oxford Scholarship Online requires a subscription or purchase to access the full text of books within the service.


The Itinerarium Burdigalense by The Anonymous Pilgrim of Bordeaux (333 a.d.)

It was written by the "Pilgrim of Bordeaux", an anonymous pilgrim from Burdigala present-day Bordeaux , France. According to the Catholic Encyclopedia :. The report of his journey outside Palestine is little more than a dry enumeration of the cities through which he passed, and of the places where he stopped or changed horses, with their respective distances. For the Holy Land he also briefly notes the important events which he believes to be connected with the various places. In this he falls into some strange blunders, as when, for instance, he places the Transfiguration on Mount Olivet. Such errors, however, are also found in subsequent writers. His description of Jerusalem, though short, contains information of great value for the topography of the city.


Itinerarium Hierosolymitanum or Itinerarium Burdigalense

The author often points out sites of historical and religious significance, especially those in and near Jerusalem. Cite this article Pick a style below, and copy the text for your bibliography. May 24, Retrieved May 24, from Encyclopedia. Then, copy and paste the text into your bibliography or works cited list.

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